Uses of Actinides

Uses of actinides
Uses of Actinides
  • Uses of thorium –
  • Used in atomic reactors.
  • Used in the treatment of cancer.
  • Thorium oxide is used in making gas mantles.
  • Uses of Plutonium –
  • Used as fuel in nuclear reactors.
  • Used in making molecule bombs.
  • Used as power house in nuclear power plants.
  • Uses of Uranium –
  • Used as nuclear fuel.
  • Used in the generation of atomic energy by atomic splitting.
  1. Its salts are used in ceramic, textile and glass industry.

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  • 69
    Actinides are those elements in which 5f subshell is gradually filled from actinium to lawrencium. The Actinides series contains consecutive 14 elements from atomic number 89 to 103, from actinium to lawrencium, called Actinides.They are called Actinides because they start immediately after acitinium, the first elements of this series.They are…
    Tags: elements, actinides, uranium, thorium, atomic, f-block, inorganic, chemistry, introduction
  • 64
    Atomic and ionic size – As the atomic number increases, the atomic size increases and  effective nuclear charge also increases which attracts the outermost shell more effectively. So, as we move left to right means from actinium to lawrencium in the actinide series, there is gradual decrease in the the…
    Tags: atomic, nuclear, actinides, f-block, elements, inorganic, chemistry, introduction
  • 63
    The f –block elements are those in which atoms or ions have valence electrons  in f-orbital. They are also called inner transition elements because the last or valence electron enters in (n-2)f orbital means in anti-penultimate energy level. They are also referred as rare earth elements. The general electronic configuration…
    Tags: elements, f-block, actinides, inorganic, chemistry, introduction
  • 63
    Electronic Configuration – Electronic configuration of lanthanum and Actinides are given below – Ac(89)              Actinium                                     [Rn] 6d17s2 Th(90)              Thorium                                       [Rn] 6d27s2 Pr(91)              Proactinium                                  [Rn] 5f26d16s2     U(92)                 Uranium                                     [Rn] 5f36d16s2 Np(93)            Neptunium                                     [Rn] 5f46d16s2 Pu(94)             Plutonium                                      [Rn] 5f67s2 Am(95)             Americium                                   [Rn] 5f7 7s2 Cm(96)            Curium                                           [Rn]…
    Tags: actinides, f-block, elements, inorganic, chemistry, introduction
  • 61
    Actinides are strong reducing agent and very reactive in crushed from. They are radioactive due to less stable nuclei and also have no stable isotopes. They have variable oxidation state due to which its study is quite difficult – They readily react with HCl but when they react with nitric…
    Tags: actinides, oxide, f-block, elements, inorganic, chemistry, introduction

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